Rectal intercourse and also the danger of HIV transmission

Rectal intercourse and also the danger of HIV transmission

Key points

  • For unprotected rectal intercourse by having an HIV-positive partner with a totally suppressed viral load, the calculated risk of illness is zero.
  • If HIV just isn’t completely suppressed by effective therapy, rectal intercourse without condoms is just a high-risk path of intimate HIV transmission for both the insertive and partner that is receptive.
  • Intimately sent infections therefore the HIV-positive partner being recently contaminated raise the threat of transmission.

In the event that HIV-positive partner is using antiretroviral therapy and it has a completely suppressed viral load (‘undetectable’), the possibility of HIV transmission through anal sex is zero.

The PARTNER-2 research implemented 783 male partners where the HIV-positive partner had an invisible viral load with no condoms were utilized in rectal intercourse. No HIV transmission from HIV-positive partners took place and the researchers concluded that the risk of HIV transmission in these circumstances was effectively zero (Rodger) after 1596 couple-years of follow-up and 77,000 acts of unprotected anal intercourse.

If viral load is detectable, condomless intercourse that is anal an extremely efficient method of transmitting HIV, which is considered a high-risk task both for lovers, even though precise level of danger can rely on numerous facets.

The risk of infection has been estimated at 1.38% (one in 72 chance) and 0.11% (one in 909 chance) for the receptive and insertive partners respectively for each condomless act with an untreated HIV-positive partner.

Nevertheless, it may possibly be 10 to 25 times greater in the event that partner that is positive recently contaminated. Read More